Lumbar Spondylosis is a term referring to degenerative osteoarthritis in the joints of the lumbar vertebrae (lower back).
This progressive degeneration leads to narrowing of the space between the two adjacent vertebrae’s. Which involves the joints between the two vertebrae (interfacetal joints), if severe it causes pressure on the nerve roots with subsequent sensory and/or motor symptoms, like pain, numbness and muscle weakness.
Spondylosis can affect any part of the vertebral spine when it involves the neck it is called as cervical spondylosis.
Spondylosis is caused due degenerative disorders and usually starts within the age group of 20 to 50.
The most common causes for lumbar spondylosis are:
Lifestyle : In individuals without ergonomic care for e.g. while working in front of computers, Driving, Traveling etc.
Repeated injury or strain
Age : Individuals above the age of 40 are more prone to develop the disease.
The cardinal feature of lumbar spondylosis is Lower back pain. Men and women are equally affected.
- Pain : It is often made worse with sitting or bending forward. There is localized tenderness in the lower back. Pain is persistent and lasts longer than six weeks. Pain is worse with motion. In severe cases the pain extends to the buttocks thighs and lower extremities.
- Paresthesia : Sensation of tingling, pricking and numbness
- Muscle weakness
In certain severe cases global weakness, gait dysfunction, loss of balance, and loss of bowel and / or bladder may be present.